Why did Ambedkar leave Hinduism?

Ambedkar adopted Buddhism on October 14, 1956. They were imagining a free man who was religious by breaking the network of Gods, but they would not be regarded as non-living.
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Baba Saheb Ambedkar (Photo Credit: Navayan)

‘If the New World is different from the old world then the new world needs more religion than the old world.’ Dr. Ambedkar had said this in an article called “The Buddha and the Future of His Religion” in 1950. He had already made up his mind for many years that he will not give up his life in the religion in which he has breathed his first breath.

On October 14, 1956, he adopted Buddhism. Today is a day to remember his decision. This was not his impulsive decision, but he had prepared enough for this.

He reviewed India’s civilizational review. Analyzed the structure of its socio-economic structure and, above all, developed the discretion of seeing Hinduism.

Freedom of War and Justice Question

When the British were fighting for India’s independence from India, it was felt that India was to be equitable and justified in its inner world. If India becomes a free country, then it will have to give equal equality to all. Only social equality and good will not work.

Everyone will have to become a partner under the rule of this country. Dr. Ambedkar was the leader of this idea. By the 1930s, the socio-economic development of India’s freedom struggle had become sufficiently developed. It involved voices of different groups.

Now the fight of independence was not only confined to colonial rule but it was turning into a fight to get rid of the lives of the people who lost their lives in history. Those who had books in their hands and the ability to create them, had shelved life of many communities from mainstream.

Attempts were made to separate the fibrous tissues of the cultural, economic and political slavery of exploitation by separating fiberglass and reducing them.

Ambedkar succeeded in bringing Dalits into the political and knowledgeable space of freedom fight. He said that justice should be done with Dalits. In 1932, we can understand their efforts made before the Poona accord.

Although at this time the Dalits could not get a separate electoral college but they could not be neglected anymore. When India became independent, the Constitution of the country became. Everyone got the freedom to fight elections and to make the person of his choice as their leader.

Today, Dalits are choosing their leader, they are being elected as leaders. Ambedkar’s fragrance of these constant battles has spread in the constitution of India.

Religion, Society and Politics

Gail Omvate wrote a biography of Ambedkar. His name is – Dr. Ambedkar: towards enlightened India. This enlightenment seems to be in Ambedkar’s socio-economic thought, they do not even imagine man without religion.

Ambedkar, while giving lectures among the mill workers, slum colonies and poor women of Mumbai, understood that the Indian mind could not live without religion, but would it be the same religion which had approved that life, due to which the Dalits had to be angry for centuries. is. They wanted to sacrifice this religion.

As Ambedkar’s other biographer, Vasant Moon, wrote that after considering the structure of other religions prevailing in his time, he had begun to adopt Buddhism. Gayle Omwet has also written that Ambedkar has a morality and discrimination hidden in this religion, after considering Buddhism as a proper religion.

This discrimination was rooted in its democratic form. In his famous article Buddha or Karl Marx, Ambedkar says that the constitution of the ‘Monk Sangh’ was a democratic constitution. Buddha was only a monk among these monks. More than that, he was like a prime minister among the Cabinet members. He was never a dictator Before his death, he was twice told that he should appoint a person as head of the Sangh to take control of the Sangh. But every time he refused, saying that the Dhamma is the supreme commander of the Sangh. He refused to become dictator and appointed.

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Baba Saheb (Photo Credit: Navayan) with Savita Ambedkar at a function held in Nagpur on October 14, 1956

While arguing in the Constituent Assembly of India, listen to some of the lesser-known Ambedkar in the affairs of his fellow politicians, if any intuitive political monk is speaking. You can read constitutional assembly debates if you wish. It is not unintentional that Ramchandra Guha, the important historian of our time, called Ambedkar in his book ‘Makers of Modern India’ as ‘Vice-Democrat’.
For the Ambedkar revolution, three factors were considered responsible – for this, there should be a presence of a realization of justice in person, he knows that he is being treated unfairly and arms are available.

They say that access to education is stopped so that people start believing that their plight is predetermined. It also demolishes their economic condition. People stop complaining. If they have a complaint then they can not afford the weapon to transform it into function.

Here Ambedkar’s view seems to be Marxist, but we should not forget that he was a trained economist, the theoretical and practical philosopher of political science. The violence of society driven by the Varna system was that of Ambedkar, who had very little knowledge of the nation and the world, the deep knowledge of economy and politics, which had the highest degrees of the finest universities of his time.

Born in a corner of childhood filled with poverty, exclusion, scandal, Ambedkar had seen how many millions of people like him are living in India. Only light education can bring their life and soul. This will liberate them from the bondage that society, religion and philosophy have imposed in their veins.

This slavery was asked to treat Dalits as their destiny. Ambedkar wanted to break it. They were imagining a free man who was religious by breaking the network of the gods, but non-equality is not considered to be worth living. So when in October 1956, when he made his discontent with Hinduism, he made baiyas to himself and his followers.

These pledges include disbelief in the trinity of Hinduism, denial of avatars, abandonment of Shraddha, Pindand, faith in the principles and teachings of Buddha, participation in any function performed by Brahmins, participation in faith in human equality, the Buddha’s idealistic Follow the path, show mercy towards creatures, do not steal, do not lie, do not eat alcohol, Hindu caste based on inequality To relinquish the religion and to adopt Buddhism was related.

Women of Buddha and Ambedkar

Though Rahul Sankrityayan did not make such a claim though, he could be considered as the best biographer of Buddha. His book, Buddha-Tathat Buddha: Biography and Sermon was published by Gautam Book Center, a publisher of Dalit literature. This biography reveals that Mahatma Buddha was generous towards women.

The extent of his compassion ranged from Sujata, who had his kheer, to Mahaprajapati Gautami. The goal of their religion was to make human beings the path of liberation or nirvana. There were also women in it. He had some relief in Buddhism, but there was such relief but with Paratun. For this, you can read Prajapati-Sutta in the book of Rahul Sankrityan, where the Buddha is showing a strict ban on women while entering the union.

Ambedkar was the son of modernity, democracy and justice. He was also a lawyer by profession. Without equating human dignity, they could not imagine modernity, democracy and justice.

They fought for equality of women in Indian society both at home and abroad. When he became the Law Minister in the Jawaharlal Nehru government, he presented a Hindu code bill to not only women in the domestic world, but to make them financially and genderually strong.

This bill was not allowed to pass. Ambedkar resigned. We should know why this bill was not allowed to pass? If we can know this, then we will be able to dedicate ourselves to the sense of justice whose dream was seen by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.

Kerala Hadia case: NIA concludes the investigation, says love is not jihad

On the recommendation of the Supreme Court, the National Investigation Agency had examined 11 inter-religious weddings while investigating the cases of alleged love jihad in Kerala. The agency says that in any case forced conversion has not happened.
During the hearing of the case, in the Supreme Court, Hadia (Photo: PTI)

Thiruvananthapuram: The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has not found any evidence of alleged ‘love jihad’ of inter-religious marriage in Kerala.

According to the report of Hindustan Times , NIA has said in its report ending its investigation in these cases that there was no such thing as love jihad in such marriages and no evidence of any kind of forced conversion was done.

This investigation was done due to the alleged Hadia case. On the advice of the Supreme Court, the NIA had investigated 11 inter-religious weddings while investigating the cases of alleged love jihad in Kerala.

These 11 cases have been selected from 89 inter-religious weddings, which are already in legal process (mostly due to the parents’ grievances), which were sent to the agency by the Kerala Police.

Talking to the newspaper on the condition of privacy, a senior official of the agency said, “NIA does not have to submit any further report to the Supreme Court in this matter. As far as the NIA is concerned, this matter has been closed because the agency has not got any evidence that in any of these cases, any man or woman was forced to change the religion.

It is known that Akhila Ashokan of Kottayam district of Kerala, after the change of religion, was married to Shafin from where Hadia was. The case was handed over to the High Court by giving the name of love jihad to Hadiya’s father Ashokan, who had canceled the marriage, but on March 8, the Supreme Court had overturned this decision .

A senior official of NIA also told that in these 11 cases were investigated there was at least one such case where the relationship had been damaged. He said, “In most of the cases, we got the same people and institutions associated with the Popular Front of India (PFI), who had helped somebody or girl in the change of religion, but we did not allow any specific crime of NIA, such as illegal activity (UAPA), there is no evidence to prove any case against these persons. “

The official also said that the Constitution of India gives all citizens the fundamental right to practice and propagate their religion peacefully. He said, “Conversion is not a crime in Kerala and these people come under the purview of the constitution to help in the change of religion.”

On the other hand, PFI Legal Adviser KP Muhammed Sharif called the ‘Love Jihad’ to try “right wing forces” to target Muslims at large level and claimed that it was their love for organization and its political party Social Democratic Party of India Jihad is an attempt to defame it.

Sharif said, “The investigations and inquiries made by various agencies have found that the allegation of love jihad is absurd, fictitious and without any evidence.”

However, the NIA official says that the results of the investigation should not be considered as ‘clean chit’ for PFI. He said, “Criminal charges like murder of PFI against the alleged cadre, such as criminal cases are underway. Those cases are being seen separately. ‘

Rupan Deol Bajaj: who raised voice against sexual harassment by KPS Gill and won

Interview: In 1988, senior IAS officer Rupan Deol Bajaj accused the then DGP of Punjab KPS Gill for sexual harassment. After a long legal battle for 17 years, he won.

The threat of #Metu campaign is being heard across the country and it is giving birth to anger and irritation among the people. This is also the first time that there is a fear in the hearts of those who are victim of sexual harassment. Among these, a woman is watching this event with great satisfaction from her residence in Chandigarh.

Retired IAS officer Rupan Deol Bajaj is happy that after 30 years, he is hearing the voices of the seventeen-year-long struggle made by him for punishing a powerful man who has sexually harassed him in social media. .

The man who harassed him was Almighty KPS Gill, who was Director General of Police in Punjab in 1988. On the day when his police was fighting against terrorism, he was full of sense and arrogance of ‘autocratic power’.

In an interview given to The Wire , Bajaj said, women speaking today have a security cover of numbers. When I complained about Mr Gill’s behavior, I was alone at that time and was threatening to kill me, scandalous, bad posting as punishment and to be an abusive career.

What can you learn from your case, women who say sexual harassment stories at the workplace?

I got justice under the almost obsolete and ancient sections 305 and 509 of Indian Penal Code (IPC). After 1860, no such case was filed under these sections. These currents are often filed with section 376 of rape or attempted rape, but they are never used alone.

This is because the offenses under these sections are considered so slight that they are not even considered worthy of an FIR FIR. After getting a lot of shock, I got this information. But they are attacking the dignity and dignity of the woman and can give them the trauma of life.

Rape comes under Section 376, but not all women are victims of this. I believe that streams under section 354 and 509 of the IPC are omnipresent in their character and every woman encounters it at least five or six times in her life.

Article 509 is related to words, gestures or activities that hurt the woman’s honor, and Section 354 is related to the attack or criminal force used to disrupt the sanctity of a woman.

These provisions are confined to physical assault, but these are only related to offenses against women, because it has an element of purity / respect. Therefore, such men who feel that unwanted sex gestures or obscenities are not a crime, they should be cautious.

The Supreme Court accepted the crime against me in this category on October 12, 1995 and termed it as a criminal act.

In doing so, the Supreme Court rejected the High Court’s decision, which dismissed this case under Section 95 of the IPC, according to which the case was so insignificant that it was not considered by keeping it in the category of crime could go.

The Supreme Court has held that Section 95 of the IPC can not be used as a shelter in matters related to the breach of woman, because these are not trivial matters.

Tell us about that evening of July, 1988 when this incident was presented to you.

There was an official party at the house of Punjab’s Home Secretary, in which Mr Gill was present in his uniform. Punjab’s top bureaucracy was present there.

Mr. Gill called me and asked me to sit on the chair next to me. I went there and was about to sit there that they pulled the chair near me. I felt that something is not right, so I went back to that group where I was sitting first.

After ten minutes they came and stood near me so that their feet were only about four inches away from my knees. He said to me with his finger, ‘Get up and come with me.’

I strongly objected to his behavior and said, ‘Mr Gill, how dare you! You are behaving abusively Get out of here. ‘ On this he reproved himself in his tone of order and said, ‘You get up! Get up and come with me immediately. ‘

I looked at other women They were all shocked and disheartened I was apprehensive and afraid, because they kept my way off and I could not get up from my chair without touching their body.

I then pushed my chair immediately behind one and a half feet and turned to leave the place between my and other female chair. They hit me on my butt on this. It was done in front of the eyes of the women and the guests there.

This thing came to my knowledge later that most of the women had gone up because I was sitting, because they also abused them.

Especially with a young doctor from England. He (Mr Gill) had behaved badly with him and he was crying inside. But neither he nor his mother, who was present there, complained of what had happened to him that evening.

I knew that when they are not standing up for themselves, they will not even testify in my favor. Any such incident with a woman is considered to be embarrassing, which is considered better to conceal. It was so, it is still so today.

I went directly to the Home Secretary, who was also the host of this party, and Mr. Gill’s boss was also there. I said to them, ‘What kind of people have you celebrated?’

When I was complaining to him, then Gill was standing there. There was no sense of remorse over their face and by that time everyone had come to know that they also harassed other women, so all of them met together in the car to send them home.

I remember how I was surprised to see that by that time the commandos stationed in the mango tree sitting in their security, suddenly the clutches of the leaves quickly escaped and behind their carriage.

Years later, the Home Secretary was summoned to confirm the incidents that evening, then he did not tell the court that I repeated my complaint only within a few minutes of that incident in the presence of KPS Gill. Gill was struggling at that time listening to every word I said to me.

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Rupan Deol Bajaj (Photo Courtesy: YouTube)

You were a senior IAS officer, special secretary in the Punjab government and a powerful woman in her own right. But the whole system turned against you. People turned their eyes.

You know, I did not really want to go with this case in the police and in the court … I wanted the government to take action against them for moral corruption under the Code of Conduct. But, from that time the Governor SS Ray to Chief Secretary RS Ojha told me that they would not do anything.

The Chief Secretary told me, ‘Roopan, such things happen. This did not make you smaller You consider yourself lucky, things could have been worse than this. ‘

Governor SS Ray asked me to forget it very clearly and go home. They raised their hands. Even at that time I went to the PMO, along with Secretary Sarla Garewal. All these things filled me with more anger than before.

I was keeping it away from the media, but on the day I met Ray, a newspaper from Bombay, Indian Post, printed this story.

When all efforts failed, then I went to the police as the last resort after ten days of the incident. Inspector General of Police, who had seen all the things being present in the party, lodged my complaint and gave me the receipt for registering the case.

After that, they locked it in an envelope and sealed it. When I asked him why he had sealed it, he said, ‘It is my duty to register your complaint, what I have done, but after that what should I do with it, it is completely up to you. We will only investigate this, when you will get the order from the court for this. And he said very fervently that their actions would protect my reputation in a way.

I gave Indian Express a copy of FIR, because I wanted my side to come across the whole incident, not to say half-truths around it. I took seven years to get the directions from the Supreme Court to prosecute Gil.

How did this incident affect your personal and professional life?

While I was revolving around to convince the government to take action, then there was a constant fear in me that it should not be in front of all people. I did not want media coverage

It is a kind of social conditioning, with which we grow up. The real game begins when you finally write everything in an FIR. Even my highly educated mother advised not to file an FIR. I was given the exhortation to cry and go ahead alone.

Once I wrote an FIR and gave it to the police and the media, then I felt free from the fear of getting the world to know about this incident.

I was a strong woman but the system and society were plotting to weaken me. I and my family got the threat of killing them. People call and say that you will disappear and nobody will ever find any clue about you again.

Remember this was the Punjab of the 80s, it was common in those days to disappear secretly.

It’s not easy for women even after 30 years of making your way …

It is very gratifying to see many women come out and talk about their sufferings. Many of these are saying this after many years of their persecution.

Do not be afraid of any kind of illusion, doing so is the most difficult and courageous task for any woman, and when she finally decides to speak, no one can doubt her.

Donald Trump is saying, ‘This is the most scary time for men.’ I have to say that this is just a scary time for them, who have been so unknowingly for years.

Women who constitute 50 percent of the population believe in #Matu stories because most of them have had similar experiences with women at some point of time. It is similar to their own experiences.

Most men of the society are good, but we know that there is a truth too.

#What do women want to say about fighting the battle?

My case has set a precedent, which will help them all. A change has come that women are being believed. They should not go back and if MJ Akbar and others threaten to take them to court, then they should fight this battle together; But they should not compromise on any aspect.

Firstly, the court defines ‘purity / respect’ in my case for the first time, as it applies to these two streams of IPC.

Secondly, the court has given the provision that a witness is also sufficient to prove such cases, provided he is telling the truth.

Thirdly, in every crime the prosecution has to prove the motive of the accused. But here it was arranged that it is not necessary to prove the motive. The only information to behave in an abusive manner is enough to prosecute a person.

Fourthly, the court has set a deadline of six months to complete the hearing so that it can be ensured that the victims are not allowed to be beaten by the long walkers.

Now the difference is that there is no need for any of these women to take men into court. The courage to talk to them on social media is enough for everyone to believe in them.

This is the single most important proof of truth. If the accused man goes to court, then for my case, he will get enough help to fight his fight there.

Supreme Court’s former judge will investigate allegations of sexual harassment against Vinod Dua

#Metu: An independent committee has been set up under the chairmanship of former Supreme Court Justice Aftab Alam to investigate allegations of sexual harassment against Vinod Dua, whose members include Justice Anjaana Prakash, Professor Neera Chandhok, Professor Patricia Oberoi and former ambassador Sujata Singh are also included.
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Vinod Dua (photo: The Wire)

This statement by The Wire has been released on October 20, 2018.

Following the start of the #Metu campaign all over the world, taking a different step of any kind from any media institution, The Wire has been constituted under the chairmanship of former Justice of the Supreme Court, an External Complaints Committee, which is the Consulting Editor of The Wire, Vinod Dua will investigate allegations of sexually assaulted by filmmaker Nitha Jain.

The purpose of creating an independent and external committee is that the charges have been imposed on the basis of 1989 incident when The Wire was not in existence. Even so, allegiance Jain and Vinod Dua who deny these accusations are entitled to fair and competent investigations of this matter.

Members of this committee are:

Justice Aftab Alam, former Judge, Supreme Court
Justice Anjaana Prakash, former judge, Patna High Court
Neera Chandhok, former professor, Delhi University
Patricia Oberoi, former professor, Institute of Economic Growth
Sujata Singh, Ambassador and Former Foreign Secretary
It has been decided by the members of the committee that the committee will be headed by Justice Alam. A person has also been appointed to help in the dialogue between this committee and loyalty and Vinod Dua.

Justice Alam says that no longer will the information given to The Wire be completed until the completion of the proceedings of this committee.

Because formal inquiry into allegations of allegiance of Jain Jain has started, The Wire declares:

Until the completion of the committee’s work, Vinod Dua’s program “The talk of Jana Gana Mana” will not be broadcast.
In the last episode of the talk of Jana Gana Mann, the recording of the replies given by Vinod Dua on allegations of allegiance to Jain will not be available on any platform of The Wire . Instead, the reply of Dua has been included in this news published by The Wire .
Upon completion of the committee’s proceedings on the allegations made regarding the wire , its report / recommendation will not print any statement of either party or any other person on this matter.
What has happened so far
On October 14, 2018 , allegiance Jain accused Vinod Dua of using Facebook post in 1989 for sexual harassment. On the same day it was taken into account by the Internal Complaints Committee of the Wire (ICC).

On October 15 , after the ICC meeting, her loyalty to Jain was to file her formal complaint. Fidelity replied that they would do this soon.

On 17th October , integrity Jain was informed about the formation of the external committee and the names of the four members and they were asked for consent, and also asked to send their formal complaint by October 18. Loyalty was also told that there are 3 women in 4 members of the committee.

The Wire wants to make it clear that at any time allegation Jain was not told that her grievance will be dismissed after the complaint is not lodged within 24 hours. What was said to them was that there were many other responsibilities on the members of the committee, so it would be in the interest of settling the matter at the earliest.

On the night of 17th October , Nishtha Jain told that they are traveling and will not be able to send their complaints before 26th October due to lack of proper connectivity. With this, he talked of having 5 members in the committee.

On the morning of October 18, he was told that his request to hold 5 members in the committee has been accepted. Because they said that they can not send their complaint till October 26, they were reassured that the proceedings will not begin until they get the complaint. They were also asked if they could send their consent to the committee a little earlier.

On the evening of 18th October , the consensus has been formally agreed on the formation of the External Committee by Jaina Jain and in addition the committee has started investigating these allegations.

9 tips to start exercising

How to get out of that sedentary state that dominates us lately? According to Nutrition Without More , although we know the benefits of exercise for our health, we often ignore the risk of leading a sedentary life, such as the fact of suffering from diabetes. It is not even due to physical build, because a thin, sedentary person is more at risk of getting sick than an overweight and active person.
It is easy to consider exercising as a purpose, but for some the most difficult thing is to start. We often find excuses to avoid including the exercises as part of our routine. If you analyze carefully the reasons why you do not do physical activity , you can notice that they are small obstacles that can be overcome with only a little determination.

1. Choose your sport

There are exercises that although they are fashionable, they are not your thing or they do not attract your attention. It depends on your tastes and your previous experience with physical exercise. You must take into account the preparation of your body for the activity that you decided to carry out and establish realistic objectives based on this.

2. Frequency

You should not push yourself at the beginning, you usually make the mistake of wanting to commit yourself daily and this can make the activity heavy. It is advisable to start with twice a week, then gradually increase and the difficulty is from low to high.
It is important to take into account that each routine must have a warm-up period, the main part and finally a period of recovery of your muscles.

3. Hydration

It is important that you stay hydrated before, during and after physical activity because otherwise you could cause harmful effects in your body such as incoordination of movement, excessive increase in heart rate, dizziness, among others.

4. Listen to the signals your body sends you

Your body communicates with you and you must learn to listen to it and respect its limits. Feeding and controlling the consumption of sugar is essential, that is why we want to teach you some foods low in glucose . In addition to good nutrition, taking a break when you feel tired or pressured can prevent injuries. In the same way, you must respect the warm-up and recovery periods.

5. Record your progress

Observing your achievements is an excellent strategy to stay motivated when performing physical exercises, keeping a record of these will allow us to see our evolution, keeping us satisfied and inviting us to improve our activity.

6. The benefits of physical exercise are long-term

Although it is exasperating not to see results immediately , as we are accustomed to short-term objectives, it is necessary to be aware that the benefits will be seen in the long term.

7. Set reminders

Remember that it is a new activity in your routine. And it will be difficult to incorporate it immediately , through reminders: how to place an alarm on the mobile or place the shoes next to the bed if you have to go running, or establish that after work you will go to the gym. It is a way of remembering that it is now part of your routine.

8. Do you have trouble leaving the house?

The weather sometimes makes it difficult for us to go out and do our exercise routine, in this case you can search the Internet for an alternative exercise of your choice, remember that millions of tutorials and exercise routines are obtained at home so you do not have to go to the gym .

9. Do not do it alone

Playing sports in company is a way to encourage and motivate each other. Knowing that it is another moment that you can share with a friend, will motivate you to perform your exercise routine.
You already took the first step, you already set it as your goal, you must continue the path that you yourself set. You are the protagonist of this story.